Cars vs Cities: How can TRAFFIC be RESTRICTED? – VisualPolitik EN


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at https://NordVPN.com/visualpolitik Pollution in cities, traffic, noise, cars
and fumes everywhere… These are the latest problems in the spotlight. And it’s understandable. The health effects
of these problems can be huge: They are linked to respiratory and cardiovascular
diseases, stress, cancer… even mental health problems. Dear viewers of Visualpolitik, living in highly
congested and polluted cities can be harmful to us. It’s true that cities have lots of advantages…
but they can also pose very serious inconveniences if they aren’t managed correctly. You see, according to the World Health Organization,
every year more than four million people in the world die due to air pollution. Of course,
it’s not all from traffic… Industry and energy production are also highly responsible. However, traffic is the most worrying source
because we live with it, it’s all around us every day, in the streets where we walk,
under our apartment buildings, everywhere. And, it follows logically that, as the urban
population grows so does the number of cars circulating; the problem keeps getting bigger
and bigger. Especially in the large metropolises of developing countries. Take, for example, Mexico. Since 1990 the number of cars in Mexican cities
has almost quadrupled. Between 1990 and 2015, vehicles in Mexican
cities grew 3.5 times faster than the population. Car park average annual growth: 5.3%
Population average annual growth: 1.5%] Now, this doesn’t only happen there, not
at all. It’s a global trend. In recent decades both
the population and number of vehicles in cities have skyrocketed. But now, folks, politics has turned its attention
towards this problem. London, Madrid, Beijing, Singapore, New York…
More and more cities across the globe are implementing measures to limit traffic to
improve the air quality and habitability of their cities. And with improved cities, of course comes,
improved health of its residents. We’re talking about restrictions that aim
to balance the coexistence between cars and people. But, now, what do these restrictions involve?
Are they all the same? Or are some models more effective than others for reducing traffic
and improving cities? What strategies are having the most success? Let’s see. (MEASURES FOR EVERYONE) Folks, let’s not fool ourselves. It doesn’t
matter much if the government is progressive, liberal or conservative, politicians of all
kinds are implementing strategies to reduce traffic in cities. But, not all measures are equal. Not at all. There is a huge inventory of restrictions
of all sorts: Classification of vehicles by emissions,
diesel vehicle ban, congestion or tolls rates,
increasing car registration taxes, limiting the number of new registrations,
alternating odd and even license plates… Come on, basically… they’ve come up with
everything. Without looking any further than Europe, one
city has become the benchmark on restricting circulation in the urban center. Madrid, Spain’s capital, is already world-famous for having launched one
of the most restrictive car policies in its city center. Named Central Madrid, the city has prohibited
old vehicles that don’t have an environmental label issued by the General Traffic Directorate
from accessing a large part of the urban center. And not only that. Unless you live in the
center itself, even if your car has an environmental label, if it isn’t hybrid or electric, you’ll
only gain limited access to the center. However, folks, this system has three main
drawbacks. First, it’s a very rigid system. Limiting
the use of vehicles regardless of why they want to access the area could have undesirable
economic effects. For example, imagine that a person with a
not-so-new car wants to access the area to visit an office to do some paperwork. He wouldn’t
be able to. Second, in the long-term, it doesn’t really
solve the traffic problem. As the car park fills with hybrid cars, which seems to be
happening, traffic problems will return. And thirdly, it doesn’t tax the negative
externality of pollution or generate resources for the city council to invest in alternatives,
such as public transport. To avoid all these inconveniences, London,
the city with the worst air in Europe, has opted for what is known as a congestion fee.
It consists, basically, of making you pay a specific amount to enter the restricted
central area. Milan does something similar, where even the
residents have to pay to enter Zone C. Yes, you heard that right, you need to pay
to be able to drive to your own home. But, just a second. Even though Europe is the most car-restrictive
continent – restrictions aren’t only a European matter. Folks, let’s cross the pond and visit the
Big Apple. In Manhattan a congestion fee system is about
to be implemented, and it’s generating a lot of talk. It should be ready by 2021, and could change
the Big Apple forever. Yes, the heart of New York is one of the most
vibrant and busy places in the world, but it’s also one of the most congested and
noisy ones due to traffic. Now, this new regulation could change all
that. As you can see, this new regulation will affect
a very, very large area, which extends from Battery Park to Central Park. Can you imagine
Fifth Avenue half empty? But… How much will it cost to enter? Well,
folks, it hasn’t been set yet, but it’s believed to be between 10 and 15 dollars…
per entry. The question is… will it work? It depends. As revenue collection, sure, yes…
To limit pollution and congestion, only time will tell, but currently, people have doubts. First, because of the United States’ car
culture and because of all the problems that the public transport system has in this city. And secondly, because just with taxis, UBER
vehicles and the average income of Manhattan drivers… results may not be very promising. I guess it’ll all depend on how large or
small the toll will be. But folks, the United States isn’t the only
place that has a deep-rooted car culture. China, which as you know has terrible pollution,
also loves to get around by car. And this has led to the implementation of
rather restrictive measures, some of which are very, very curious. For example, there’s Shanghai, China’s
economic capital par excellence. We’re talking about a place that has quickly
become a large city full of office and residential skyscrapers. And of course, this economic boom led to a
huge explosion in car sales. A phenomenon that spread throughout China. The fact is that to limit traffic and curb
congestion and pollution in Shanghai, they have established a system of monthly license
plate auctions. You heard correctly, auctions. The system has been in force since the year
2000 and the truth is that results aren’t bad. Of course, as license plates are limited to
prevent an exorbitant increase in the number of vehicles, they can usually be priced at
around $15,000, often being more expensive than the cars to be registered. Why are they so expensive? Well there’s
only one explanation… it’s very hard to get one. For example, in one of the wildest auctions,
6,460 license plates were offered and 2,800,000 people bid for them. Come on, it’s easier to win the lottery… And speaking of lotteries. In the Chinese
capital, Beijing, they have established an actual license plate lottery. See, with this lottery system, the city offers
a certain number of license plates every year and gives them out randomly and for free. Licenses are, in theory, non-transferable,
but in practice a huge black market has emerged. This system is peculiar because it doesn’t
generate economic benefits for the city council, as it does in Shanghai, which uses the money
obtained in the auctions to improve roads or public transport. For its part, Guangzhou and three other major
Chinese cities have opted for a hybrid model. One part is auctioned and another is drawn. Basically, there are models for every taste. But at this point, viewers of VisualPolitik,
we may all be wondering… out of all these measures, which one is the most appropriate?
Which is the most effective? Which should we bet on? Well, folks, I’m sorry to say that there’s
no exact answer, because it depends on each case. Now, one place has combined several measures,
and it seems to be doing very, very well. Listen up. (IN SINGAPORE, SUPPLY AND DEMAND RULE) You heard that right. This microstate, of which we’ve already
spoken in another video, has done things differently. How? Well, the secret lies in the congestion
fee. And, you may be thinking… you already talked
about that, in London’s case and with New York’s future fee… Well yes, that’s
true, but Singapore’s rate is different. Allow me to explain myself, Singapore has
an electronic toll network called ERP. This network monitors traffic and, attentively,
this is key, sets the price of tolls based on traffic congestion. It’s like a supply and demand system. The
supply is the roads of Singapore, and the demand is traffic. The more drivers there
are circulating the city, the more expensive the rate will be. Therefore, prices change every hour, and even
every half hour, become more expensive during peak hours. Makes sense, right? This system discourages the use of private
vehicles traveling without arbitrarily limiting the number of vehicles. If you want to pay,
you can go. If you need to go, you can go. Thus, traffic is regulated and congestion
is avoided through a price system. Because, and this is important, traffic jams have a
huge economic cost on cities… A cost that goes far beyond pollution itself: delays,
lost productivity, stress, etc., etc. But here’s a key question… Where does
all the money raised with these dynamic tolls go? Well… this is quite interesting, it’s
reinvested in Singapore’s public transport system… which by the way is excellent, outstanding,
one of the best in the world. Which… if we think about, leads to a double
disincentive to use the car: having to pay, and having an increasingly better public transport
system. But… Really, how effective is this system?
How has the congestion fee affected Singapore’s traffic? Well, let’s see some data. Check this out, the ALS manual system was
implemented in 1975, and is the precursor of the ERP. This system required you to pay
for accreditation to circulate in the restricted area. It was a success, it decreased traffic by
44% during operating hours. Much more than the initially planned 30%. Quite the success. It is due to this, and unsurprisingly due
to technological advances, that Singaporean authorities launched the current ERP system,
the automated system, in 1998. Traffic in Singapore’s business center during business
hours has dropped even more, by 10 to 15%. But that’s not all. Additionally, another measure is applied in
Singapore that may seem controversial and leave some speechless: A 100% surcharge, or
even more, to register one’s vehicle. Basically, registering your car can cost the
same or more than the car itself. This, of course, discourages car purchases. Obviously, this has a lot to do with the idiosyncrasies
of the place itself. Singapore is a city-state. Anyway, as you can see… even though it never
rains to everyone’s taste, there are as many kinds of car restrictions in cities as there
are fish in the sea. But now it’s your turn: Which model do you
prefer? Is it arbitrary limitation or discouraging car use by hitting drivers’ pockets? Traffic-based
fixed or variable rates? Unlimited registrations or auctions and lotteries? But more important than answering that question
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100 comments

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Urban planning and layout, especially in cities with millions, is also largely responsible for the chaos in large city centers: when you place most of the 'useful stuff' just in downtown, and have millions of people needing to go there, I don't think anyone needs superb visionary skills to know what's going to happen!!
Perhaps it's time to rethink how cities are organized, decentralize them if need be… but I guess it's cheaper and easier to tax those causing the congestions.

The easiest way is to reduce population.. the world is overpopulated with all the consequences, how? war ? or Birth control.. children by lottery perhaps? we need to find a solution sooner than later

I am Canadian and since the traffic is so bad in Toronto, I park at the edge of the GTA in Oshawa and take the GO train to where I can get on the subway. It works very well. Public transportation is so much more relaxing and cheaper then the stress of driving downtown and parking fees anyways. I am glad that most of their public transport is electric too so there is less emissions as well. Space to bike is also key to reduce the need for cars downtown

Having cars only works for attending events or if you have a family. Other than those, it's just a waste of money, really (fuel and yearly tax on ownership).

Anti car is also anti family. Try going on public transportation with a couple of young children and their stuff and you'll see why very fast.

Cities can do what they want but it better not spread to small towns or else there will be riorts
Example: my commute between Harlow and Chatham:
Car: 45-1 hour
Train and Bus: 2.5 HOURS- 3 HOURS

Since cars are stationary 98% of the time parking is the key.

Remove parking minimums and make those old minimum requirements the new maximum.

See: Mexico City

I’m from queens nyc I think charging 10-15 just to drive in lower Manhattan is crazy even though we don’t go there often. Sometimes we drive through lower Manhattan to come home from NJ but now most people will go to upper Manhattan to drive home which doubles the traffic there. One policy fixes one problem creates two more.

I like Japans system. Providing reliable and amazing public transportation in 80% of the country, while making 80% of roads toll roads with high tolls.

the best solution is better urban planing so that whatever amount of cars are used it would not cause a congestion. In most cases the problem is that the country is so centralized and road congestion occur where as in other cities you could park in the middle of the street and it would not cause a congestion.

This problem has been exacerbated by ride share firms, start there.
In London personal car ownership has been declining.

You should do ones that failed miserably, Like when Nairobi banned public transport..which led to increased traffic… Some leaders are just dumb..

Good info, but I find the starting and stopping of the too loud background music to be very annoying!

Many Swiss cities try to limit cars by raising public parking prices. Bern offers two hours of free parking, followed by up to 30$ if you’re parked longer.

Otherwise, I think cities should take bolder measures like increasing the number of car-free streets, and cut investment on road maintenance and real estate for parking spaces, as unpopular as this may sound. It makes streets safer and cleaner, and automatically encourages people to move on foot, by bicycle or with public transportation

We should invest in good trains for the masses, just like a few years ago, people used the train to go to work. Trains that are affordable and quick and not just high speed trains that can get to 400km/h just to travel 30km at that speed throught the middle of nowhere. Now everybody thinks they are riches and want to ride to the door itself. TRAINS + BIKES + WALK make cities happier, quieter and healthier.

It's hilarious.
These laws are only for taxpayers…. Politicians in all countries are free of these rules and can run with 10+ car squad with no trouble.

There is a simple solution coming soon in the future
"Autonomous vehicles and AI"
No more jobs to rush to and if you are going also,traffic is smooth and synchronized like a butter😉

Great! We can fix the traffic problem by prohibiting poor people from driving and forcing them to take the public transportation even thou they seemed to prefer traffic just because you think they should live their lives your way…

Really? Nothing about Denmark or Netherlands where they have sorted this out? Bicycles, public transport, cargo bikes…

I been in Toronto, Canada. There are very few parking spot in the city. The most effective way of transportation are taxi, public transport or bicycle.

Why dont they have sky trains ? That are on the 5th floor or 10th floor off the ground that could even have sections that go through buildings too

With email, Skype, printers and scanners along with phones in just about every home, with a few tweaks, most non customer facing office workers could work from home. Imagine cutting the traffic 50% over night

Robust public transport and intense investment in infrastructure for charging electric cars. You've got to make public transport appealing and worth it, but you also have have incentives for all vehicles to decarbonise (taxis and car-owners making one -off trips will always be a thing)

If you're going to introduce tolls and taxes on motorcar drivers, the proceeds need to go directly into enabling them to switch to electric cars or by improving public transport, there's no point punishing the petrol/diesel car drivers without subsidising reasonable alternatives.

1⁄2 is just a pesky ad! Singapore got it nicely done. More efficient&cleaner cargo transport like automated slow rail as well as personal mobility on light vehicles.
Make sens – put a price tag on peak traffic, peak electricity, peak internet usage, peak parking, etc. It's naturally will flatten out peaks due to the cost and encourage #ridesharing & shared cars etc.

Man, I am loving that discount, but OOOH, boy that's a lotta money up front for me. Keep… I dunno… being sponsored by 'em! X-D

The person that wants to go to the office will use a gas or electric scooter, über, train or a lime style scooter. Spanish trains are great. Also hybrid Toyota can be bought used for below 3000€ and those last for ever.

Mr whistler this is the first time one of your comments was wrong. For punishment you should come to Spain. I come to gotta get out of Germany and you make a video on the public transport. Drinks are on you

In the Netherlands and other Western European countries we also use the bike to restrict the car traffic. It is a serious and safe alternative, which you didn't mention.

These strategies are very wealth tax centric. If you have the money you can get into the city center and work where the wealth is, if you don't have the money you lose the opportunity to work where the wealth is. It's like a parking ticket, those with money will just park there and pay the fee ethos without circle the block to find a spot. Limiting traffic congestion is Noble but without other alternatives to incentivize it's only hurting the ones trying to climb from the bottom of the ladder.

basically cars need to be more expensive and not many people should afford them.And then people will develop different habits , moving less people will live in one city longer and there will be also less housing problem in cities .

STOP! Why should traffic be restricted?! Simply because you're an authoritarian asshole? Maybe you should mind your own damn business. Surely you have family problems you've been ignoring because they are too painful too address? We will continue to ridicule you for tell us how to live when you can't get your own family in order. Grow the F up and leave other people alone – or expect to be overwhelmingly attacked for your authoritarian idiocy.We won't put up with your self-righteous arrogant idiocy for very much longer.

Traffic is not a problem that could be curtailed by taxes or regulations. It is only stopped by reducing the population size in countries. I'll believe otherwise only when all billionaires and millionaires start going to work (if at all) in the public bus.

It cant be fixed now, its too late. while america was sending millions to europe under the marshall plan, to rebuild the railroads of Europe, while automobile industry was buying up all the mass transit in american cities, ripping up the rails, and bribing congress to look the other way. its not possible to build transit systems at this late date. too many environmental
laws, lobby group,s, and pure bull shit. it will never happen.

I like park & Ride, London & New York should build Park and out side & link with bus & Metro. Most time I went to Edinburgh, Oxford, I used Park & Ride, for New York I always park in New jersey & use metro or rail. Some time I just take a China bus straight to Manhattan from Washington DC.

In my opinion non of those solutions will work on their own. Best way to reduce number of cars is reliable and cheep public transport, bike lanes and promotion of car alternatives to change peoples' mentality. Of course some restrictions for cars to enter center should be in place but it should not be the focus. You cannot "fight with cars" without good alternative. At the end cars are used to move around.. not for fun but due to necessity. Nevertheless I appreciate that you collected in one video different strategies.

Surprising that very little is talked about remodeling the streets to lead a less car-centric life, along the lines of how Copenhagen and most cities in the Netherlands do it. People generally will be more accepting of travel restrictions when what you are restricting is no longer the most convenient way to get from A to B.

We need to artificially slow down cars with less speed prone roads/less direct routes (in densely populated areas, not in rural areas), and suddenly the appeal of a car wears off. Taking a bus, train, bike can never compare to a car in terms of comfort (cars are designed specifically for user comfort, that being a big focus of many car ads), so it has to compete on speed and convenience. But in places like London traffic charges don't really go towards remodeling the road network to be less car-centric, so its more of a band aid on a large wound (granted, this is partly due to Greater London's boroughs having so much power, Kensington and Chelsea blocking a safe bike lane on Holland park Avenue for the last 10 years if not more)

I'm all for having excellent public transit. It's not even difficult from a technology pov, just buy what you need. But it drives me nuts that the chosen solution in most European cities is to shift traffic from cars to public transit by making cars suck rather than making public transit better. This should be about making the city better. Expanding it's traffic capacity to make it cope with the growing population as well as the increased moving about of goods cause by economic growth. We should be vastly expanding both roads and public transit. Population doubled since the '50s when you dimensioned the roads? Well guess what the roads need. Cars are super awesome in a whole lot of situations. Subways are also great in a lot of situations. We need both. Use the existing fuel taxes to build the roads we need and use the fare revenue to build the subways we need. Dig the tunnels for both. Don't take 30 years to do it, take a good hard look at the Chinese who didn't take that long to build their entire infrastructure. 
In Munich we still don't have walls separating the platform from the rails. Result? Trains can't leave the station until everybody gets behind the line, train doesn't leave on time, backlogging the system when it really shouldn't be backlogged. And that's a good day with no breakdowns of the 30 year old trains or a suicide. Take the subway and you are late 80% of the time. The now decided on implementing it, over the next 20 years.
The tunnels they built for the mayor arteries? Great! Also awesome for the people that now got parks in front of their homes instead of a 4 lane road. But they built the same damn two lanes per direction that were there before. No increased capacity, no future plans to expand. Why?

provided public transport is awesome reducing cars is fine. in oz the public transport is rat shit and over full now, if they removed cars it would be apocalyptic

The problem is not the amount of cars there are but World Overpopulation. The more people you have, the more people are going to buy cars.

Politicians too often forget that there are people with limited mobility who need a car to get just about anywhere. Such measures punish them hard. There needs to be a way of allowing those people to still move through unimpeded.

I can't believe in 2910 August 28 and you didn't mention anything about the rise of the electric vehicle especially Tesla forcing everyone to go electric

These ideas might work for dense cities. However, most cities in the US are built wide rather than tall. Just a quick look at metro area populations and actual city populations will show that a vast majority of the US lives outside the city in suburbs. It's not uncommon for people to commute 30-60 miles (1 mile = 1.6km) one way to and from work. Trying to build public transport to all of surburbia just isn't feasible, so we drive and sit in traffic at least a couple hours everyday.

The war against cars? is definitely a remarkable video! I truly did appreciate it so much. Thanks a lot for sharing! Keep it up!

Congestion pricing is controversial in NYC because public transportation is pretty bad here and people actually buy cars to avoid using it (and I assure you that extra money won't be spent on fixing the subways). Also, most people driving below 60th during rush hour are either commuting or driving for work reasons (cabs, truck drivers, etc.) so this is basically a tax on people that have to be there. A lot of small businesses will suffer from this.

His example in Singapore is quite wrong.
1. COE is the license to own a car for 10 years. There are 2 types, one for Big cars and one small cars. The price of such license is auctioned every 2 weeks and range from 23k-80k depending on market conditions. THIS MONEY IS NOT RETURNED TO YOU AFTER 10 years. currently, smaller cars are priced at 32k sgd and bigger cars at about 39k for the latest auction. https://www.mytransport.sg/oneMotoring/coeDetails.html
2. Every car imported to Singapore is taxed between 100% to 180% (tiered tax, first 20k=100%, next 30k is 140% and above 50k is 180%) and an additional 20% for exercise duty, accompanied with other forms of carbon tax, GST etc etc.
https://www.lta.gov.sg/content/ltaweb/en/roads-and-motoring/owning-a-vehicle/costs-of-owning-a-vehicle/tax-structure-for-cars.html
3. Then there are the usage taxes, aka, your ERP as mentioned by Simon in the video, accompanied with road tax, insurance, maintenance, monthly parking and don't forget, Petrol prices that are taxed at about 80-100%.

So to own a Honda Civic at the current market, it will be about 80k sgd all in for 10 years. That amount is excluding monthly parking at about 120sgd and ERP, road tax, etc etc etc.. 🙂 *ps, I dont drive in Singapore

I currently live in CA but I've been in Japan. Jesus, how I wish we had such a great transit system as the one in Japan. I currently do not own a car, but it is almost impossible to move around without a car, which honestly I am spoiled from when I went to Japan and NEVER needing a car to move around.

Used stock video of Tucson AZ around the 2 minute mark haha. Were more of a blend than most anywhere else but still in the US.

Make brilliant public transport, switch to electric vehicles & Build tunnels under the cities that can act as an underground highway. DONE!

Car rental should be made mandatory no individual should own the cars instead the government should own them and provide cars with drivers or without driver's in every area more charge with drivers less without driver's.

IN Asuncion Paraguay, they implemented a Schedule system, in which different types of Businesses and Schools where to open a different hours, so that way people wouldn't be commuting at the same time.

Wow, so revolutionary, fees! Instead of improving traffic flow, public transport and enviroment they just make people, who have no other option, to pay a lot of money.

Singapore's system seems fair, although I would also consider the number of passengers: it's a pain to travel by public transport if you have small kids, not only for you but also for the other passengers. If more people travel in the same car they should get a discount. It's a bit like public transport, although a city bus has more passengers on average per area than a car full of passengers.

Manila probably needs this video. I feel that the problem is that cars are easier to buy. As easy as some cheaper cars only needs you to pay $200 as down payment and you pay monthly. There are tendencies that the cars are not paid monthly and gets repossessed.

I recently read a great book that discussed these and other measures which could potentially have an impact on reducing car use and congestion in American cities – Walkable City: How Downtown Can Save America, One Step at a Time. It was very informative and in particular, pointed out the reason why reducing car use is an effective way to reduce congestion and expanding road and road networks is actually mostly ineffective in this regard. Highly recommend to anyone interested.

In my opinion, the only working system to reduce cars is to offer a solid alternative. Taxing is not going to solve the problem.
The netherlands started an amzaing program in the 1970's and they are now living in a country where a lot of people don't even own a car, but they own 3 or 4 bikes per person!!!

I lived many years in Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. The city develop more and more the public transport, and the best of it is the Metro that really helps reducing the traffic.

VisualPolitik what I'm seeing in London which I workand live; public transport is causing traffic congestion from buses and their bus lanes e.g.(on north circular on double side road there is a bus station in a road 40 m/hr 😬"really"?? when local councils forbid cars to be used in bus lanes, bicycles and TAXI are allowed no problem and limited use of a motorbikes in some of them🤔,the solution is here with installation and investment on A.I cameras to cash out (last week I got a ticket with 50% discount if I pay in less than two weeks) from shepherd bush towards Hammersmith with my scooter as when I reach traffic lights the bus lane jumps from left to right which the bus causes more congestion if need to cross on right side but was me that need to have a ticket(revenue source), bicycle lanes is an issue as well as a pedestrian pavements can be used parallel and be more safe as we see mobility vehicles use by elderly and disable occupying space as much as half car and always have a demand to prioritize as well ladies with buggies hovering around with a kid that is 5 Y.O. Regarding pollution what I've noticed people is buying their status with luxurious cars e.g every day I'll see an SLS or a Ferrari stack in traffic plus most automotive companies program their car to switch off on stop and most people they see green on traffic lights and still thinking should I press the gas?? 🤔 Traffic comes as well from pedestrian crosses in funny places and most of the cases as you are driving you see people near pedestrian road standing and you must stop anyway but guess what they just listening to music, councils could do subways or bridges but they will debate cost. Public transport far more expensive and a lot of delays, coaches from 1970 in a city like London tube.
Many of you will point finger on me, this is my opinion I'm not an authority.

There shouldn't be a long-term necessity for these restrictions, they should only be applied to collect funds so that proper public transportation infrastructure can be built. Even better, build cities as if they were Malls and just have people stroll about while whatever logistic services are necessary can run away from the public via private access. The less asphalt we use the better.

Belgium's Antwerp has a fine on old cars/ high emission can't answer. Gave them tons of money (for the populationdesity) previous year. Don't know all about it and would like to know how they do
Cheers

Let's ignore how this incredibly disproportionately restricts the movement of the poor. Let's just have a price on everything so only the rich can breathe that clean, clean air.

VisualPolitik Well Is not 100%

Today A Honda Civic 1.5

that cost from
In US = USD $19550 MSRP
In UK £19405 MSRP = USD $24204.44
In Japan 12650320 円 =USD $24604.51

In Singapore
Would Cost SGD $96000 = USD $69646.56

_____________________

Car Cost in Singapore =
Honda Civic 1.5

Components of a car’s purchase price

+$19,700 (OMV) Open Market Value

OMV (purchase price, freight cost, insurance, and incidental charges related to the sale and delivery of the car to Singapore Custom)

+$31,997 (COE) Certificate of Entitlement
(varies
)
+$19,700 (ARF) Additional Registration Fee

+$3,940 Excise Duty

+$1,654.80 (GST) Goods and Services Tax

+$19,008.20 Dealer’s margin (25%)

+ etc
Total =$96,000
/=

+/- Vehicular Emissions Scheme (VES) – varies

From Discount -$20000

to fine +$20000

depend on Carbon Emission rating

Final Price = $96,000

or $76000

or $116000

Depend on Carbon Emission rating
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So is 400%~500%, you have been modest.

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